THIS DAY IN AVIATION

14 November 1969, 19:15:13 UTC, T plus 2:53:13.94

Nov 14, 2017

This 1966 illustration depicts the J-2 engine of the S-IVB third stage firing to send the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon. (NASA) 14 November 1969: At 19:09:22 UTC, the Apollo 12 S-IVB third stage engine reignited for the Trans Lunar Injection maneuver. One of the necessary features of the Rocketdyne J-2 engine was its ability…

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14 November 1969, 16:24:42.4 UTC, T plus 2:42.4

Nov 14, 2017

Saturn V S-IC first stage separation. (NASA) 14 November 1969, 16:24:43.4 UTC: The Apollo 12 Saturn 5 passes 42 miles (67 kilometers) altitude at 5,145 miles per hour (8,280 kilometers per hour). The rocket reaches it maximum inertial acceleration of 3.91 g. At T plus 2 minutes, 42.4 seconds, Apollo 12’s S-IC first stage separates. 0.8…

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14 November 1969, 16:22:00.68 UTC, T plus 000.00.00.68

Nov 14, 2017

The crew of Apollo 12: Charles “Pete” Conrad, Jr., Richard F. Gordon, Jr., and Alan L. Bean. (NASA) 14 November 1969: At 16:22:00.68 UTC (11:22:00 a.m., Eastern Standard Time), the Apollo 12 Saturn V (AS-507) lifted off from Launch Complex 39A, Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida. This was the second manned space flight to the Moon.…

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14 November 1965: Medal of Honor, Captain Ed W. Freeman, United States Army

Nov 14, 2017

Captain Ed W. Freeman, United States Army (Mississippi Armed Services Museum) The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, March 3, 1863, has awarded in the name of The Congress the Medal of Honor to CAPTAIN ED W. FREEMAN UNITED STATES ARMY for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk…

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14 November 1965: Medal of Honor, Major Bruce Perry Crandall, United States Army

Nov 14, 2017

Major Bruce Perry Crandall, United States Army The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, March 3, 1863, has awarded in the name of The Congress the Medal of Honor to MAJOR BRUCE P. CRANDALL  UNITED STATES ARMY for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above…

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14–18 November 1932

Nov 14, 2017

Amy Johnson Mollison with her de Havilland DH.80A Puss Moth, G-ACAB, The Desert Cloud, London, 14 November 1932. (Unattributed) 14 November 1932: At 6:37 a.m., GMT, Mrs. James A. Mollison, better known to the world as Miss Amy Johnson, CBE, departed Lympne Aerodrome, London, England, for Cape Town, South Africa. She was flying her brand…

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13 November 1942

Nov 13, 2017

Two Republic Aviation Corporation P-47C Thunderbolts of the 56th Fighter Group retract their landing gear after takeoff. (U.S. Air Force) 13 November 1942: Lieutenants Harold E. Comstock and Roger B. Dyar were fighter pilots assigned to the 63rd Fighter Squadron, 56th Fighter Group, at Bridgeport, Connecticut. They were often sent to test new P-47 Thunderbolt fighters at…

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13 November 1926

Nov 13, 2017

Regia Aeronautica Macchi M.39, MM.76, winner of the 1926 Schneider Trophy Race. (U.S. Air Force) Colonel Mario de Bernardi, Regia Aeronautica 13 November 1926: The 1926 race for the Coupe d’Aviation Maritime Jacques Schneider (the Schneider Trophy) was held at Hampton Roads, a large natural harbor between southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina, two states…

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12 November 1995, 12:30:43.071 UTC, T minus Zero

Nov 12, 2017

Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-74) lifts off from Pad 39A, 7:30:43 a.m., EST, 12 November 1995. (NASA) 12 November 1995, 12:30:43.071 UTC, T minus Zero: Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-74) is launched from Launch Complex 39A, Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida.  The mission commander was Colonel Kenneth Donald Cameron, United States Marine Corps, and Colonel James…

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12 November 1981, 15:09:59 UTC, T minus Zero

Nov 12, 2017

Space Shuttle Columbia is launched from LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, 15:09:59 UTC, 12 November 1981. (NASA) 12 November 1981, 15:09:59 UTC, T minus Zero: Space Shuttle Columbia (OV-102) lifted of from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida. On board were Colonel Joe Henry Engle, United States Air Force, the mission…

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12 November 1944

Nov 12, 2017

KMS Tirpitz anchored in Bogen Bay, Ofotfjord, near Narvik, Norway, circa 1943–1944. (U.S. Navy Historical Center) 12 November 1944: No. 9 Squadron and No. 617 Squadron (Dambusters), Royal Air Force, sent a force of 32 Avro Lancaster long range heavy bombers to attack the 49,948 Metric ton displacement German battleship KMS Tirpitz at Tromsø Fjord, Norway. The attack…

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11 November 1966, 20:46:33.419 UTC, T minus Zero

Nov 11, 2017

Gemini XII lifts off from LC-19 at 3:46:33 p.m., EST, 11 November 1966. (NASA) 11 November 1966: Gemini 12 lifted off from Launch Complex 19 at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, at 3:36.33.419 p.m., Eastern Standard Time. NASA Astronauts James A Lovell, Jr., and Edwin E. (“Buzz”) Aldrin, Jr. were the crew. This was the second space flight for…

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11 November 1956

Nov 11, 2017

Convair XB-58 55-0660 in its original paint scheme. (Unattributed) Beryl Arthur Erickson (1916–2006) (Code One Magazine) 11 November 1956: At Fort Worth, Texas, Convair’s Chief Test Pilot, Beryl Arthur Erickson, takes the prototype XB-58, serial number 55-0660, on its first flight. The B-58 Hustler was a high-altitude Mach 2 strategic bomber which served with the…

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11 November 1937

Nov 11, 2017

Dr.-Ing. Hermann Wurster (left of center, wearing goggles, flight helmet and parachute) with an early Bf 109. Second from right, the tall man wearing a flat cap and leather coat is Prof. Dr. Ing. e.h. Wilhelm Emil “Willy” Messerschmitt, the airplane’s designer. (Airbus Group) 11 November 1937: At Augsburg, Germany, Dr.-Ing. Hermann Wurster set a…

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11 November 1935

Nov 11, 2017

Jean Gardner Batten, CBE, 16 October 1936, photographed by Leo Lemuel White. (Whites Aviation Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library) 11 November 1935: During a record-setting flight from England to Brazil, Jean Gardner Batten became the first woman to fly solo across the South Atlantic Ocean, flying her Percival D.3 Gull Six, G-ADPR, from Dakar to Natal.…

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10 November 1995

Nov 10, 2017

Boeing lead test pilot for the 777, Captain Suzanna Darcy-Henneman, in the right seat of a Boeing 777-200LR. (Boeing) 10 November 1995: Captain Suzanna Darcy-Henneman set a Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) world record for distance flown by a commercial aircraft when she and a crew of 7 additional pilots flew a Boeing 777-200LR Worldliner, N6066Z, non-stop…

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10 November 1949

Nov 10, 2017

Sikorsky YH-19 49-2012 first flight, Bloomfield, Connecticut, 10 November 1949. (Sikorsky, a Lockheed Martin Company) 10 November 1949: At Bloomfield, Connecticut, Dimitry D. (“Jimmy”) Viner, a nephew of Igor Sikorsky and chief test pilot for the Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, made the first flight of the prototype Sikorsky S-55 helicopter, serial number 55-001, which the U.S.…

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9 November 1967: Air Force Cross, Sergeant Larry Wayne Maysey, United States Air Force

Nov 9, 2017

“That Others May Live.” Bronze statue of Sergeant Larry Wayne Maysey, United States Air Force, by Wayne Hyde. The memorial is located on Main Street, Borough of Chester, New Jersey. (© Sheena Chi)  AIR FORCE CROSS Awarded posthumously for actions during the Vietnam War Sergeant Larry W. Maysey, Rescue Specialist, United States Air Force The…

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9 November 1967: Air Force Cross, Staff Sergeant Eugene Lunsford Clay, United States Air Force

Nov 9, 2017

Air Force Cross Eugene Lunsford Clay The President of the United States of America, authorized by Title 10, Section 8742, United States Code, takes pride in presenting the Air Force Cross (Posthumously) to Staff Sergeant Eugene Lunsford Clay (AFSN: 18497841), United States Air Force, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an opposing…

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9 November 1967: Air Force Cross, Captain Ralph Wayne Brower, United States Air Force Reserve

Nov 9, 2017

Air Force Cross Ralph Wayne Brower The President of the United States of America, authorized by Title 10, Section 8742, United States Code, takes pride in presenting the Air Force Cross (Posthumously) to Captain Ralph Wayne Brower (AFSN: 0-3109303), United States Air Force (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an opposing…

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9 November 1967: Medal of Honor, Captain Gerald Orren Young, United States Air Force

Nov 9, 2017

MEDAL OF HONOR YOUNG, GERALD O. Lieutenant Colonel Gerald Orren Young, United States Air Force. (1930–1990) Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Air Force, 37th ARS Da Nang AFB, Republic of Vietnam. Place and date: Khesanh, 9 November 1967. Entered service at: Colorado Springs, Colo. Born: 9 May 1930, Chicago, Ill. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and…

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9 November 1967, 12:00:01.263 UTC, T plus 0.263

Nov 9, 2017

Apollo 4 Saturn V (AS-501) on the launch pad at sunset, the evening before launch, 8 November 1967. (NASA) 9 November 1967: The first flight of a Saturn V took place when the unmanned Apollo 4/Saturn V (AS-501) was launched from Pad 39A at the Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida. The rocket lifted off at 12:00:01.263…

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9 November 1962

Nov 9, 2017

9 November 1962: Flight 74 of the X-15 Program was the Number Two aircraft’s 31st flight. X-15 56-6671 was carried aloft by Balls 8, the Boeing NB-52B Stratofortress, 53-008, for launch over Mud Lake, Nevada. NASA test pilot John Barron (“Jack”) McKay was to take the rocketplane to 125,000 feet at Mach 5.5 to investigate the stability…

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9 November 1961

Nov 9, 2017

Major Robert M. White was the first pilot to exceed Mach 4, Mach 5, and on 9 November 1961, he flew to Mach 6.04. (U.S. Air Force) 9 November 1961: Major Robert M. White, U.S. Air Force, became the first pilot to fly faster than Mach 6 when he flew the number two North American Aviation X-15…

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