THIS DAY IN AVIATION

23 May 1848–10 August 1896

Aug 10, 2016

Karl Wilhelm Otto Lilienthal (1848–1896) 9 August 1896: Pioneering aviator Karl Wilhelm Otto Lilienthal was fatally injured when his glider stalled on his fourth flight of the day. Flying at the Rhinow Hills, near Stölln in what is now northern Germany, he had been gliding as far as 820 feet (250 meters). As he sailed off the slope, his glider suddenly pitch…

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11 May 1906–9 August 1980

Aug 9, 2016

Jackie Cochran in the cockpit of her North American Aviation P-51B-15-NA Mustang NX28388, #13, at Cleveland Municipal Airport. (Image Number: SI-86-533, National Air and Space Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution) 9 August 1980: Jacqueline “Jackie” Cochran, Colonel, United States Air Force Reserve, passed away at her home in Indio, CA, at the age of 74. Jackie was…

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9 August 1945

Aug 9, 2016

Martin-Omaha B-29-35-MO Superfortress 44-27297, Bockscar, at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (U.S. Air Force) 9 August 1945: Three days after an atomic bomb had been used against the Japanese industrial city of Hiroshima, a second attack was made on Nagasaki. Major Charles W. Sweeney, in command of the Martin-Omaha B-29-35-MO Superfortress 44-27297, named Bockscar,…

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9 August 1944

Aug 9, 2016

MEDAL OF HONOR LINDSEY, DARRELL R. (Air Mission) Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: L’Isle Adam railroad bridge over the Seine in occupied France, 9 August 1944. Entered service at: Storm Lake, lowa. Birth: Jefferson, lowa. G.O. No: 43, 30 May 1945. Medal of Honor Citation: On 9 August 1944, Capt. Lindsey led a formation of 30 B-26…

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9 August 1939

Aug 9, 2016

Bell XP-39 38-326 in a NACA wind tunnel at Langley Field, Virginia, 9 August 1939. (NASA) 9 August 1939: After General Henry H. Arnold had ordered that the prototype Bell Aircraft Corporation XP-39 Airacobra be evaluated in the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) Full-Scale Tunnel at the Langley Memorial Aeronautics Laboratory, Langley Field, Virginia,…

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9 August 1884

Aug 9, 2016

Charles Renard (1845–1905) 9 August 1884: At the parade grounds at Chalais Meudon, a town on the banks of the Seine near Paris, France, engineers Charles Renard and Arthur Constantin Krebs made the first controllable free flight when they piloted their airship, La France, over an approximately 5 mile (8 kilometer) circular course and returned to their starting point. The…

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8 August 1955

Aug 8, 2016

8 August 1955: While being carried aloft by a Boeing B-29 Superfortress, the Bell X-1A was being readied for it’s next high-altitude supersonic flight by NACA test pilot Joe Walker. During the countdown, an internal explosion occurred. Walker was not injured and was able to get out. The X-1A was jettisoned. It crashed onto the desert floor and…

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8 August 1946

Aug 8, 2016

The prototype Consolidated-Vultee XB-36, 42-13570, stands at the end of the runway with all six engines running. (U.S. Air Force) Chief Test Pilot Beryl Arthur Erickson. (Convair) 8 August 1946: At Fort Worth, Texas, the Consolidated-Vultee Aircraft Corporation XB-36 prototype, 42-13570, made its first flight. Convair test pilots Beryl Arthur Erickson and G.S. “Gus” Green, along…

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8 August 1945

Aug 8, 2016

Fat Man, Nuclear Bomb, Mark III, being prepared at Tinian Island, 8 August 1945. (U.S. Air Force) “So, the next day, Fat Man, the two armored steel ellipsoids of its ballistic casing bolted together through bathtub fittings to lugs cast into the equatorial segments of the implosion sphere, its boxed tail sprouting radar antennae just as Little…

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8 August 1929

Aug 8, 2016

Dr. Hugo Eckener (1868–1954) 8 August 1929: The rigid airship Graf Zeppelin, LZ 127, under the command of Dr. Hugo Eckener, departed Lakehurst Naval Air Station, New Jersey, heading east across the Atlantic Ocean on the first aerial circumnavigation by air. The flight was sponsored by publisher William Randolph Hearst, who had placed several correspondents aboard. Graf Zeppelin was…

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7 August 1963

Aug 7, 2016

The first Lockheed YF-12A interceptor, 60-6934, flown by James D. Eastham, lands at Groom Lake, Nevada, after its first flight, 7 August 1963. (U.S. Air Force) James D. Eastham (1918–2016) 7 August 1963: The first Lockheed YF-12A interceptor, 60-6934, took off from a top secret air base at Groom Lake, Nevada, on its first flight.…

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5 August 1954

Aug 5, 2016

The first production B-52A takes off from Boeing Field, 5 August 1954. (Boeing) 5 August 1954: The first production Boeing B-52A Stratofortress, B-52A-1-BO 52-001, made its first flight from Boeing Field, Seattle, Washington. The B-52A differed from the XB-52 and YB-52 in that its cockpit was arranged for side-by-side seating, rather than the B-47-type tandem arrangement of the prototypes. It also had an…

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5 August 1950

Aug 5, 2016

Air Rescue Service Grumman SA-16A Albatross, 51-024, the type that rescued Ensign Glenn T. Farnsworth, USN, standing by during the Korean War. (U.S. Air Force) 5 August 1950: The first rescue of a downed airman by a flying boat during the Korean War occurred when Ensign Glenn T. Farnsworth, United States Navy, a pilot of VF-113…

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5 August 1945

Aug 5, 2016

Martin-Omaha B-29-45-MO Superfortress 44-86292, Enola Gay, being moved into position over the pit to load Little Boy, 5 August 1945. (U.S. Air Force) 5 August 1945: In the afternoon, the Glenn L. Martin Company B-29-45-MO Superfortress 44-86292 was towed into position over a 13-foot × 16-foot (3.9 × 4.9 meters) concrete pit on the island…

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5 August 1930–25 August 2012

Aug 5, 2016

Neil Alden Armstrong, Astronaut, The First Human to Set Foot on the Surface of The Moon. (NASA) The following is the official NASA biography from the John H. Glenn Research Center: National Aeronautics and Space Administration John H. Glenn Research Center Lewis Field Cleveland, Ohio 44135 Neil A. Armstrong Neil A. Armstrong, the first man to walk…

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5 August 1908

Aug 5, 2016

Zeppelin LZ 4 over the Bodensee. (Archiv der Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH) 5 August 1908: While on a 24-hour demonstration flight from its base at Lake Constance, down the Rhine to Strasbourg and return, the airship Zeppelin LZ 4 stopped for emergency repairs to one of its engines. While moored at Flugfeld Stuttgart-Echterdingen, the airship was caught by a storm which tore…

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4 August 1960

Aug 4, 2016

4 August 1960: NASA research test pilot Joseph Albert Walker set an unofficial world speed record when he flew the number one North American Aviation X-15, 56-6670, to 2,195 miles per hour (3,532.5 kilometers per hour). This was the 18th flight of the X-15 Program. It was 56-6670’s eighth flight and Walker’s fourth X-15 flight. The…

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4 August 1950

Aug 4, 2016

A U.S. Air Force Sikorsky H-5F lifts off during the Korean War. (U.S. Air Force) 4 August 1950: During the Battle of the Pusan Perimeter, wounded soldiers were evacuated from the battlefield by helicopter for the first time when a Sikorsky H-5F of Detachment F, 3rd Air Rescue Squadron, United States Air Force, flew out…

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Campaign Statements

Aug 4, 2016

Campaign Statements Source: AMA Feed

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4 August 1908

Aug 4, 2016

LZ 4 floating out of its hangar on Lake Constance, 0600, 4 August 1908. (Bain News Service/Library of Congress) 4 August 1908: Ferdinand Adolf Heinrich August Graf von Zeppelin, to demonstrate the capabilities of his airship, LZ 4, departed from its floating hangar on Lake Constance at 6:22 a.m., 4 August 1908, on a planned 24-hour round trip…

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3 August 1972

Aug 3, 2016

McDonnell Douglas YF-15A-1-MC Eagle, 71-0280, with McDonnell Douglas RF-4C Phantom II chase plane, in flight near Edwards AFB. (U.S. Air Force) 3 August 1972: During a 45-minute test flight at Edwards Air Force Base, the McDonnell Douglas YF-15A-1-MC Eagle prototype, 71-0280, went supersonic for the first time, reaching Mach 1.5. An air-superiority fighter, the F-15 entered service…

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3 August 1962

Aug 3, 2016

Major Robert M. White, U.S. Air Force, is greeted by his 7-year-old son, Gary, after his record-setting flight into space. “Boy, that was a ride.” (LIFE Magazine) 3 August 1962: Following his record-setting flight into space aboard an X-15 hypersonic research rocketplane, 17 July 1962, Major Robert M. White, U.S. Air Force, was featured with…

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2 August 1947

Aug 2, 2016

British South American Airways’ Avro Lancastrian Mk.III, G-AGWH, R.M.A. Star Dust. Flight Lieutenant Reginald James Cook, DSO, DFC, DFM, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, during World War II service. 2 August 1947: At 1:46 p.m., British South American Airways Flight CS59 departed Buenos Aires, Argentina enroute Santiago, Chile. The airliner was an Avro Lancastrian Mk.III, registration…

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2 August 1939

Aug 2, 2016

The speed-distance record-setting crew of the Boeing XB-15 experimental long range bomber, left to right: Major Caleb V. Haynes, U.S. Army Air Corps, with Captain William D. Old; Walter G. Bryte, Jr.; A.C. Brandt; Master Sergeant Adolph Cattarius; Technical Sergeant Daniel L. Spicer; Staff Sergeant James E. Sands. (FAI) 2 August 1939: The Boeing Model…

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